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Larry Tesler: Computer scientist behind cut, copy and paste dies aged 74
日期:2020-02-20 12:33 作者: 来源:BBC 相似文章:0条
          
Larry Tesler in 1989

Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Larry Tesler, pictured at the PC Forum in 1989, worked to make computers more accessible Larry Tesler, an icon of early computing, has died at the age of 74. Mr Tesler started working in Silicon Valley in the early 1960s, at a time when computers were inaccessible to the vast majority of people. It was thanks to his innovations - which included the "cut", "copy" and "paste" commands - that the personal computer became simple to learn and use. Xerox, where Mr Tesler spent part of his career, paid tribute to him. "The inventor of cut/copy & paste, find & replace, and more, was former Xerox researcher Larry Tesler," the company tweeted. "Your workday is easier thanks to his revolutionary ideas." Mr Tesler was born in the Bronx, New York, in 1945, and studied at Stanford University in California. Larry Tesler: The Silicon Valley history man After graduating, he specialised in user interface design - that is, making computer systems more user-friendly. He worked for a number of major tech firms during his long career. He started at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (Parc), before Steve Jobs poached him for Apple, where he spent 17 years and rose to chief scientist. After leaving Apple he set up an education start-up, and worked for brief periods at Amazon and Yahoo. Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionIn 2012, Larry Tesler spoke with the BBCs Rory Cellan-Jones In 2012, he told the BBC of Silicon Valley: "Theres almost a rite of passage - after youve made some money, you dont just retire, you spend your time funding other companies. "Theres a very strong element of excitement, of being able to share what youve learned with the next generation." A counterculture vision Possibly Mr Teslers most famous innovation, the cut and paste command, was reportedly based on the old method of editing in which people would physically cut portions of printed text and glue them elsewhere. The command was incorporated in Apples software on the Lisa computer in 1983, and the original Macintosh that was released the following year. Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Mr Tesler, pictured in 1991, developed the "copy and paste" command One of Mr Teslers firmest beliefs was that computer systems should stop using "modes", which were common in software design at the time. "Modes" allow users to switch between functions on software and apps but make computers both time-consuming and complicated. So strong was this belief that Mr Teslers website was called "nomodes.com", his Twitter handle was "@nomodes", and even his cars license plate was "No Modes". Silicon Valleys Computer History Museum said Mr Tesler "combined computer science training with a counterculture vision that computers should be for everyone".